Conditions we treat

Parkinson’s Disease (PD)

PD is a neurological movement disorder that has both motor (movement) and non-motor symptoms. Classically, the primary symptom of PD is shaking although other motor symptoms including rigidity and slow movement are common. Treatments for PD involves making lifestyle changes and medications. For some patients, deep brain stimulation can be an option.

Click here to learn more about PD.

Essential Tremor (ET)

ET is the most common movement disorder and it increases with age. The exact causes of ET are not yet fully understood. It usually involves shaking of the hands when certain postures are adopted. It can be treated using medication, or in some cases using deep brain stimulation.

Click here to learn more about ET.


The term ‘dystonia’ refers to abnormal involuntary postures and/or movements of the limbs or trunk originating from movement control centres in the brain. They can be generalised, affecting the entire body, or focal, affecting only a specific area of the body or group of muscles.

Orthostatic tremor (OT)

Primary orthostatic tremor, also known as orthostatic tremor (OT), is a distinct tremor syndrome characterised by high frequency tremor, predominantly in the legs when in a standing position, and an immediate sense of instability which is relieved by sitting down. When symptoms are bad enough OT can be disabling, but treatment is available.

Spasmodic Dysphonia

Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) belongs to the dystonia family of neurological disorders. SD is task-specific, which means the muscles spasm only when they are used for particular actions and not when they are at rest. When a person with dysphonia attempts to speak, involuntary spasms in the tiny muscles of the larynx cause the voice to break up or sound strained, tight, strangled, breathy, or whispery.

Tourette Syndrome/Tics

Tourette Syndrome is characterised by quick or sudden movements or sounds that are repeated for no apparent reason. These movements or sounds are called “tics”. Tics cannot be controlled, and some people with tics may not even be aware of the movements or sounds they make.

Tardive dyskinesia

Tardive dyskinesia is caused by the long-term use of neuroleptic drugs. These are generally prescribed for psychiatric disorders, as well as for some gastrointestinal and neurological disorders. Tardive dyskinesia is characterised by repetitive, involuntary, purposeless movements, and may include grimacing, tongue protrusion, lip smacking, puckering and pursing, and rapid eye blinking. Rapid movements of the arms, legs, and trunk may also occur.


Blepharospasm is the forced, sustained, and involuntary closure of the eyelids. It stems from a number of causes, beginning with dry eyes, and may progress to a state where a person is legally blind.

Headache and Migraine

There are many different types of headaches and generally they can be separated into primary and secondary headaches. Primary headaches include migraines and are diagnoses in and of themselves, compared to secondary headaches which are a result of an underlying disease or condition.

Click here to visit the Perth Migraine Specialist website for information on headache and migraine

Conditions we do not treat


Multiple sclerosis

Peripheral neuropathies

Ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke


Neuromuscular disorders


Botulinum toxin

Botulinum toxin is a toxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum and can be used as an effective treatment for a number of conditions. In particular, botulinum toxin can be used to relieve symptoms in the treatment of migraine, blepharospasm, cervical dystonia and hemifacial spasm.

Click here to learn more about the uses of botulinum toxin.

Deep brain stimulation (DBS)

DBS involves placing small electrodes into specific areas of the brain to alleviate motor symptoms. Dr Julian Rodrigues has extensive experience in using DBS to treat patients with movement disorders.

Click here to learn more about DBS.